Although Northern Island is a constituent of the United Kingdom, with its own parliament at Stormont, the change in its marriage laws ultimately came about due to action by the UK Parliament in London. Northern Ireland is the 18th European jurisdiction to legalize gay marriage. This number counts England and Wales together and Scotland and Northern Ireland as separate entities, since same-sex marriage became legal in the UK due to the enactment of three different pieces of legislation: first in England and Wales in , then in Scotland the following year, and now in Northern Ireland. Same-sex marriage is now legal across the vast majority of Western Europe. One prominent exception is Italy, which has historical ties to the Roman Catholic Church. Switzerland also offers same-sex couples the option of civil unions, but not full marriage.
Recognition of same-sex unions in Italy - Wikipedia
Italy has recognised same-sex civil unions Italian : unione civile [a] since 5 June , providing same-sex couples with most of the legal protections enjoyed by opposite-sex married couples. A bill to allow such unions, as well as gender-neutral registered partnerships, was approved by the Senate on 25 February and the Chamber of Deputies on 11 May and signed into law by the Italian President on 20 May. In , the Inter-parliamentary Women's Communist group and Arcigay Italy 's main gay rights organization for the first time raised the issue of civil unions within the Italian Parliament. This was led by Ersilia Salvato in the Italian Senate and by Romano Bianchi and Angela Bottari in the lower house who together attempted to introduce the idea of legislation. The bill failed, but Cappiello's proposal received wide coverage in the press where some journalists spoke about second-class marriage , and acknowledged for the first time the possibility of homosexual unions. During the s, a succession of civil union bills was regularly introduced and rejected in Parliament, bolstered by discussion in the European Parliament on equal rights for homosexuals on marriage and adoption.
Where Europe stands on gay marriage and civil unions
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Illegal in some contexts. Sexual orientation only. Public Opinion History Homosexual activity in Italy? Current status since Yes No.